A new Begishevo substation was launched, which was built by Grid Company for almost RUB 5 billion under the programme for improving the power supply security for the Nizhnekamsk Industrial Hub. The launching function was attended by Rustam Minnikhanov, the President of Tatarstan, Albert Karimov, the Minister of Industry and Commerce of the republic, and top-managers of oil refining and petrochemical companies of the Republic of Tatarstan. The correspondent of Realnoe Vremya visited the function, and learned from leading power engineers what the significance of a new substation is.
"This is a big event for our economy"
The decision to construct the Begishevo substation was adopted on behalf of the President at the end of 2014. A prerequisite for its construction, first of all, was the rapid development of oil refining and petrochemical companies concentrated mainly in Nizhnekamsk, where a special security of power supply was required. The power facility was built in just 13 months; the first stone of the future substation was laid in September, 2014, and the construction itself began in March, 2015.
Over the past few decades, this substation became the first power generating facility of a such voltage class in the Nizhnekamsk municipal district. The capacity of the existing Nizhnekamsk substation launched in the mid 70s was already insufficient due to year-by-year increasing load: it served out, and needed a serious upgrade.
"To a large extent, we are talking about our Strategy-2030. And the growing point is this "bush" here, the Kama Cluster: Alabuga Special Economic Zone, Naberezhnye Chelny, and the most important is Nizhnekamsk. There have been many conversations, but, in fact, petrochemical companies and oil refineries cannot accept large deviations, voltage jumps and everything else. This decision was adopted in intense discussions because the project is rather expensive, about RUB 5 billion, said the President of the Republic of Tatarstan at the ceremonial launch of the substation. This is a great event for our economy. "
Then, Rustam Minnikhanov traditionally handed over the State awards and letters of thanks to everyone who actively participated in the construction; these are contractors and employees of the Grid Company.
"One of the fundamental stages of the development of the Nizhnekamsk Industrial Hub"
"This project is a discretionary decision by the President of the Republic, said Ilshat Fardiev, the head of the Grid Company during the ceremony. While you were welcomed, Rustam Nurgalievich, we were remembering with Albert Kashafovich (General Director, TAIF PSC - an editorial comment) how we have been solving this issue with you, and how fervently we have been arguing on how this should be implemented. And now, in less than two years, we are in the territory of a new unique, new-generation substation. If there were no such fervent talks, and no good decisions were adopted, we still would have had regime deviations, which were not acceptable for our consumers today. "
The capacity of the substation and modern equipment, which is Russia-produced only, will allow procuring the Nizhnekamsk Industrial Hub by electric power with the first category reliability, as was announced by Fardiev. He stressed that the implementation of the project was possible thanks to large consumers —NKNK, TAIF-NK, Nizhnekamskshina, KAMAZ, Kazanorgsintez, Tatneft, and their tariffs.
Earlier, the Nizhnekamsk industrial complex suffered damages not once due to faulty power supply. The problem was that in the Nizhnekamsk energy district, since the Soviet times the power supply system of highly hazardous industrial facilities such as oil refining and petrochemical companies had not complied with the requirements of the legislation in the field of industrial safety, upon which the power supply of such highly hazardous industries was required from three independent sources of power supply. Thus, any, even the briefest, for fleeting seconds, short circuit or undervoltage in the network entailed production shutdown, units malfunction, and process modes failure, resuming of which caused outages that in turn brought to billions of financial losses.
In addition, when such incidents occurred a real possibility of man-caused disasters with dire consequences appeared. It is worth noting that the lack of a reliable power supply actually put an end to the possibilities of further development of production capacities in Nizhnekamsk as all the newly launched production capacities were extremely demanding on the quality of power supply. And by the end of 2013, the issue was brought to a head: either the power supply problem is solved fundamentally, or you can forget it about the development of the Nizhnekamsk industrial cluster.
The leadership of the republic approached to this problem maximum responsible and scrupulous. The result was the development and adoption of an integrated detailed programme aimed at improving the security of power energy supply in the Nizhnekamsk energy district. This program included activities being implemented by both power generation companies and industrial enterprises. And the construction of the Begishevo substation became one of the milestones of the programme. It became the very third independent power source in the Nizhnekamsk district. The thing is that the substation was fed from the "Shchelokov" substation through 220 kV-capacity line, and was therefore completely independent of energy sources existing in tne Nizhnekamsk municipal district. First of all, the new substation will be connected with the Heavy Residues Conversion Complex (HRCC), which is to completed by TAIF-NK. The tire production plant applied for a power transfer for a portion of its production units. The power energy for newly built production units of Nizhnekamskneftekhim PJSC is also expected to be supplied from this substation.
So far, consumers are in the phase of obtaining a power supply permit from Rostekhnadzor. As Rashat Galimzyanov, Technical Director, the Grid Company advised the reporters, "we will supply the power through the lines coming to the HRCC no later than next two weeks."
In turn, Ruslan Gizzatullin, Deputy General Director, Power Engineering and IT noted that "the substation appeared is one of the fundamental stages of creating conditions for further development of the Nizhnekamsk industrial hub. The main requirement of industrial enterprises, except for providing them with electric power and capacity, is to procure unconditional secure power supply for them. These are highly hazardous production units, for which even the instant cessation of electricity is not acceptable. And we hope that this substation finally addresses this issue."
Alexander Vdovin, Chief Power Engineer, Nizhnekamskneftekhim also agrees with him, who believes that owing to the third source, which is the Begishevo substation now as well as the already existing Nizhnekamsk and CHP-1 substations, the reliability of the enterprise will significantly increase. "We have been awaiting it", stressed Vdovin.
By the way, NKNK itself will soon start construction of the main step-down substations (MSDS-5 and MSDS-8), the purpose of which is the power supply to a new olefin complex. Begishevo will become the third power supply source of a new ethylene plant, too. It is worth noting that in the framework of performance of the commitments linked with the implementation of the reliability improvement programme of the Nizhnekamsk Industrial Hub, TAIF Group's companies only have invested over RUB 4 billion in reconstruction and modernization of enterprises power supply systems. Such an integrated approach, when energy companies and large consumers together and coordinately address energy supply issues, becomes a key advantage of the Republic of Tatarstan while making it even more attractive for investing.
Having left the most of the guests and reporters outside the perimeter, the delegation headed by the President went into the territory of the substation to look around the infrastructure and its main objects. The President pressed a symbolic button in the central control room of the substation, thus energizing power supply lines from the Begishevo substation.
As far as the plant's personnel is concerned, it consists of 15 people only (so that a new facility allowed creating new jobs in Nizhnekamsk though not so many): its equipment is so much automated that a larger number of attendants is simply not required.